|Category:||Metallurgy , Mining & Energy / Metallurgy & Mining / Flat & Rolled Metallic Materials|
|Label:||Aluminum Coils , Aluminum Strip , Aluminum Plate|
|1100||Aluminum Coil||ASTM-B209||4001, 4003||SB-209|
|Aluminum Strip||ASTM-B209||4001, 4003||SB-209|
|Aluminum Plate||ASTM-B209||4001, 4003||SB-209|
|2024||Aluminum Coil||ASTM-B209||4035, 4037|
|Aluminum Strip||ASTM-B209||4035, 4037|
|Aluminum Plate||ASTM-B209||4035, 4037|
|Aluminum Coil||ASTM-B209||4040, 4041, 4194, 4195, 4279
|Aluminum Strip||ASTM-B209||4040, 4041, 4194, 4195, 4279
|Aluminum Plate||ASTM-B209||4040, 4041, 4194, 4195, 4279
|3003||Aluminum Coil||ASTM-B209||4006, 4008|
|Aluminum Strip||ASTM-B209||4006, 4008|
|Aluminum Plate||ASTM-B209||4006, 4008|
|5052||Aluminum Coil||ASTM-B209||4015, 4016, 4017
|Aluminum Strip||ASTM-B209||4015, 4016, 4017
|Aluminum Plate||ASTM-B209||4015, 4016, 4017
|6061||Aluminum Coil||ASTM-B209||4025, 4026, 4027
|Aluminum Strip||ASTM-B209||4025, 4026, 4027
|Aluminum Plate||ASTM-B209||4025, 4026, 4027
|7075||Aluminum Coil||ASTM-B209||4044, 4045, 4078
|Aluminum Strip||ASTM-B209||4044, 4045, 4078
|Aluminum Plate||ASTM-B209||4044, 4045, 4078
|6061, 7075, 2024 Mechanical Properties|
|Typical Mechanical Properties|
|The following typical properties are not guaranteed since most cases they are averages for various sizes and methods of manufacture and may not be exactly representative of any particular product or size. The data is intended for comparing alloys and tempers and should not be used for design purposes.|
|Tensile Strength||Yield Strength||Elongation (%) for the following gauge ranges:||Tensile Strength||Yield Strength||Elongation (%) for the following gauge ranges:|
|6061, 7075, 2024 Chemical Composition|
|Chemical Composition Limits for Aluminum Alloys|
|Composition in percent by weight according to The Aluminum Association. The values associates maximum limits unless shown as a range or a minumum.|
|Alloy||Si||Fe||Cu||Mn||Mg||Cr||Zn||Ti||Others Each||Others Total||Al. Min.|
|Specifications:||Aluminum and its alloys are today considered one of the most practical of metals for a variety of reasons. Its low cost, light-weight, and modern appearance are among the primary reasons for its widespread use. It is non-sparking, electrically conductive, thermally conductive, non-magnetic, reflective, and chemically resistant. It is popular in the construction, marine and aircraft industries because of its ease of fabrication, non-toxicity, strength (pound-for pound), and resistance to the corrosive atmospheres of industry and marine environments. Anodizing increases this corrosion resistance and also permits iridescent finishes in different colors. Some alloys are slightly corrosive and so are cladded with a thin layer of aluminum for added protection.
Apart from anodizing for the different iridescent finishes, the surface of aluminum may be changed by mechanical finishing and embossing, etching, and electroplating. Machining of aluminum is possible with great ease and speed. It can be easily joined by riveting, welding, brazing, or soldering.
The pound-for-pound strength aluminum possesses at least equals, if not exceeds, that of other metals. Greater strength can be gained by cold working. Further strengthening and hardening can be achieved by heat treatments-these combinations being known as tempers. Aluminum and its alloys may lose some strength at elevated-temperatures, but its strength increases at low temperatures.
Major Alloying Element and Its Effect on Aluminum
1000's - Aluminum 99% min. - excellent corrosion resistance, high thermal and electrical conductivity, low mechanical properties
2000's - Copper - high mechanical properties, increased yield strength, best known and most widely used aircraft alloy
3000's - Manganese - good workability and weldability, high corrosion resistance, moderate strength
4000's - Silicon - low melting point, widely used in welding wire and as a brazing alloy 5000's - Magnesium - moderate to high strength, good welding characteristics, good resistance to corrosion, especially in marine environments
6000's - Magnesium/Silicon - good formability and corrosion resistance, moderate strength
7000's - Zinc - highest strength alloy available, used in air-frame structures and for highly stressed parts 8000's - Other element
Aluminum Association Alloy Designation System
1st digit - Identifies alloy types.
2nd digit - Identifies alloy modifications. Digit replaces letters formerly used.
3rd and 4th digits - Identifies the aluminum purity of the specific aluminum alloy.
The digits are the same as the numbers in the old designations for alloys in use prior to the adoption of the four-digit system.
Temper Designations H-Tempers: Strain-Hardened
● H1 - strain-hardened only.
● H2 - strain-hardened and partially annealed.
● H3 - strain-hardened and stabilized by low-temperature thermal treatment.
● The digit following H1, H2, or H3 indicates the temper:
● 2 –1/4Hard
● 4 – 1/2 Hard
● 6 – 3/4 Hard
● 8 – Full Hard
● 9 – Extra Hard
● T1 - cooled from an elevated temperature shaping process and naturally aged to a substantially stable condition
● T2 - annealed (cast products only)
● T3 - solution heat-treated and then cold worked
● T4 - solution heat-treated and naturally aged to a substantially stable condition
● T5 - cooled from an elevated temperature shaping process and then artificially aged
● T6 - solution heat-treated and then artificially aged
● T7 - solution heat-treated and then stabilized
● T8 - solution heat-treated, cold worked, and then artificially aged
● T9 - solution heat-treated, artificially aged, and then cold worked
● T10 - cooled from an elevated temperature shaping process, artificially aged and then cold worked
● Additional digits for T tempers include the following:
● T51- stress relieved by stretching
● T510- receives no further straightening after stretching
● T511- receives minor straightening after stretching to comply with standard tolerances
● T52 – stress relieved by compressing
● T54 – stress relieved by combined stretching and compressing
Being commercially pure aluminum, 1100 has excellent forming qualities and work-hardens more slowly than other alloys. As it is soft and ductile, 1100 is most often employed where structural strength is not a primary requirement. It is extremely resistant to corrosion, and therefore finds excellent utilization in the chemical, cookware, and food processing industries. It is a non-heat treatable alloy.
Of all aluminum alloys, its thermal and electrical conductivity is the highest. Its weldability is second to none and it is commonly employed in the architectural field and building trades.
Reflectors, cooking utensils and kitchenware, decorative parts, giftware, dials, name-plates, tank cars, storage tanks, chemical equipment, sheet metal work, heat exchangers, and etc.
3003 possesses the same basic characteristics and composition of 1100, with the exception of a greater percentage of manganese added to 3003. This addition increases the strength of this alloy by some 20% over that of commercially pure aluminum (1100), It has excellent workability, weld ability and resistance to corrosion. It may be deep drawn or spun, brazed or welded. This non-heat treatable alloy is among the most commonly used alloys in industry today.
Drawn and spun parts, ductwork, general sheet metal work, cooking utensils, awnings and sidings, decorative trim, garage doors, chemical equipment, pressure vessels, heat exchangers, and etc.
5052 is extremely resistant to corrosion, particularly that of a marine environment. It also possesses a high magnesium content, making it the highest strength non-heat treatable alloy available. It has good finishing characteristics, and excellent workability. It is easily drawn or welded, and may be formed into intricate shapes.
Sheet metal parts, aircraft components and tubes, small boats, tankage, bus and truck bodies, kitchen cabinets, cookware, appliances, fencing, fan blades, food-processing equipment, and etc.
2024, possessing both high strength and great fatigue resistance, finds excellent usage in parts and structures where a high strength-to-weight ratio is desirable. It is a heat treatable alloy, and use in this condition is recommended. Its workability is good, and it may easily be machined to high finishes. Its weldability is low, though it may be flash, spot, or seam welded if necessary. In the "Alclad" condition, its corrosion resistance is excellent. If anodized, discoloration of this alloy is possible because the high copper content "bleeds through". This "bleeding through" is not harmful to the metal, and does not alter its chemical or physical properties.
Aircraft parts, caul plates, scientific instruments, truck wheels, fastening devices, and etc.
Aircraft frames, fittings, and structural components, truck bodies and parts, railroad car roofs and sides, caul plates, and etc.
6061 combines most of the good qualities of aluminum. It possesses high strength, high resistance to corrosion, good workability, and a wide range of mechanical properties. It is the least expensive and most versatile of the heat treatable alloys. 6061 in the annealed condition offers excellent weldability and formability, and is readily disposed to furnace brazing. It can be clad to offer higher corrosion resistance. 6061-T6 plate is ASME Unfired Pressure Vessel Code approved.
Marine equipment, boats, truck and bus bodies, tankage and-tank fittings, structural components, screw machine parts, high pressure applications, mine skips, transmission towers, moldings, pipes, and etc.
The addition of a higher percentage of zinc to this alloy makes 7075 one of the highest strength and hardest alloys available. It finds its most common use in the aircraft industry, especially where highly stressed parts are used. If annealed, this alloy is highly formable and may be flash or spot-welded. Heat-treating increases its strength considerably. In the "Alclad" condition, 7075 is highly resistant to corrosion.
7075 finds greatest utilization where extreme high strength is required, especially in the aircraft industry.
Aluminum tubing combines many diversified characteristics suitable for industry. Qualities such as corrosion resistance, electrical and thermal conductivity, light weight, strength, ease of fabrication, appearance and low cost predispose these alloys for a wide range of applications. Aluminum has capabilities for a wide range of finishes, and anodizing offers finishes in a variety-of iridescent colors. Because of its extremely high ratio of strength-to-weight, aluminum is a logical choice for construction and any product that must be lifted, moved, or flown. It is extremely popular in the aircraft and missile industries.
● 2024 - The most common heat treatable aluminum is 2024. It is utilized where high strength and no welding is involved. Aircraft fittings, structures, and hardware are some of the major applications.
● 5052 - One of the strongest non-heat treatable aluminum alloys is 5052. Possessing excellent resistance to corrosion, good workability and high fatigue strength, it is used primarily for oxygen, fuel and oil lines.
● 6061 - The most common and least expensive of the heat treatable aluminum alloys is 6061. Used where good corrosion resistance and strength are needed, it can be found applied in areas for welded assemblies, heat exchangers and aircraft components.
6061-T6 Aluminum Hydraulic Tubing
This grade is used primarily for hydraulic and pneumatic systems that must operate under pressures of up to 3000 psi. It is ideal for these applications as it is easily fabricated and both surfaces are free from all foreign matter. It is a sound and dense alloy possessing a wide range of mechanical properties.
Aluminum Extruded Pipe
6061 and 6063 are heat treatable alloys possessing good corrosion resistance. 6061 has as its major alloying elements magnesium and silicon, making it versatile and weldable. 6063 contains additions of manganese and silicon, which increases its corrosion resistance and workability, but lowers its strength to slightly less than 6061.
Both 6061 -arid 6063 are used where the major requirements are good corrosion resistance, a high strength-to-weight ratio, and fairly good workability. 6063, because of its excellent finishing properties, finds popular use in architectural, furniture, and decorative applications.
SHEET & PLATE
.008 to .249 x R/W x R/L
.250 to 18.00 x R/W x R/L
Other alloys available
* Special Tolerances Available
* Polishing & PVC Protected
1100 AMS-4001, 4003, QQ-A-250/1
2014-BARE AMS-4028, 4029
2024-BARE AMS-4035,37, QQ-A-250/4
2024-ALCLAD AMS-4040, 41, QQ-A-250/5
2124 AMS-4101, QQ-A-250/29
2219 AMS-4031, 94, 95, QQ-A-250/30
3003 AMS-4006, 4008, QQ-A-250/2
5052 AMS-4015, 16, 17, QQ-A-250/8
6013 AMS-4347, 4216
6061 AMS-4025, 26, 27, QQ-A-250/11
7050 AMS-4050, 4201, BMS-7-194
7075-BARE AMS-4044, 45, QQ-A-250/12
7075-ALCLAD AMS-4048, 49, QQ-A-250/13
7475 AMS-4084, 4085
.008 to .160 x R/W x Coil
HEAT-TREATABLE NON-HEAT TREATABLE
.125 to 12.00 OD
ALLOY DRAWN EXTRUDED HYDRAULIC
2024 WW-T-700/3 QQ-A-200/3* -
5052 WW-T-700/4 - AMS-4071
6061 WW-T-700/6 QQ-A-200/8* MIL-T-7081
6063 - QQ-A-200/9* -
7075 WW-T-700/7 QQ-A-200/11* -
ROD, BAR & FORGINGS
Rounds .125 to 8.00
Squares .125 to 6.00
Hexagons .250 to 3.00
Rectangles .125 x 1.88
to 6.00 x 8.00
ALLOY ROLLED EXTRUDED
2011 QQ-A-225/3 -
2014 QQ-A-225/4 QQ-A-200/2*
2017 QQ-A-225/5 -
2024 QQ-A-225/6 QQ-A-200/3*
2219 - AMS-4162, 4163
5052 AMS-4114 -
5083 - QQ-A-200/4*
5086 - QQ-A-200/5*
6061 AMS-4115, 16, 17, QQ-A-225/8 AMS-4160, 61, 73, QQ-A-200/8*
6063 - AMS-4156, QQ-A-200/9*
7075 AMS-4123, 24, 86, 87, QQ-A-225/9 AMS-4147, 69, QQ-A-200/11*
of Shapes AND SERIES BOEING GRUMMAN
LOCKHEED McDONNELL SIKORSKY
TECHNICAL DATA LINKS
Click Product to View Data
Aluminum 2014-T4; 2014-T451
Aluminum 2014-T6; 2014-T651
Aluminum 2017-T4; 2017-T451
Aluminum 2024-T4; 2024-T351
Aluminum 5052-H19 Foil
Aluminum 5083-H116; 5083-H321
Aluminum 5083-H32; 5083-H323
Aluminum 5083-H34; 5083-H343
Aluminum 5086-H116; 5086-H32
Aluminum 6061-T6; 6061-T651
Aluminum 6061-T4; 6061-T451
Aluminum 6061-T6; 6061-T651
Aluminum 7050-T73511; 7050-T73510
Aluminum 7050-T7451 (7050-T73651)
Aluminum 7075-T6; 7075-T651
Aluminum 7075-T73; 7075-T735x
Aluminum 7178-T6; 7178-T651
Aluminum 7178-T76; 7178-T7651
|Standard Met:||B26/B26M-05 Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Sand Castings
B37-08 Standard Specification for Aluminum for Use in Iron and Steel Manufacture
B85/B85M-08 Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Die Castings
B108/B108M-08 Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Permanent Mold Castings
B148-97(2003)e1 Standard Specification for Aluminum-Bronze Sand Castings
B150/B150M-08 Standard Specification for Aluminum Bronze Rod, Bar, and Shapes
B169/B169M-05 Standard Specification for Aluminum Bronze Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar
B179-06 Standard Specification for Aluminum Alloys in Ingot and Molten Forms for Castings from All Casting Processes
B209-07 Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate
B209M-07 Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate [Metric]
B211-03 Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Bar, Rod, and Wire
B211M-03 Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Bar, Rod, and Wire [Metric]
B221M-07 Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Extruded Bars, Rods, Wire, Profiles, and Tubes [Metric]
B221-08 Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Extruded Bars, Rods, Wire, Profiles, and Tubes
B230/B230M-07 Standard Specification for Aluminum 1350-H19 Wire for Electrical Purposes
B231/B231M-04 Standard Specification for Concentric-Lay-Stranded Aluminum 1350 Conductors
B232/B232M-01e1 Standard Specification for Concentric-Lay-Stranded Aluminum Conductors, Coated-Steel Reinforced (ACSR)
B233-97(2007) Standard Specification for Aluminum 1350 Drawing Stock for Electrical Purposes
B234-04 Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes for Condensers and Heat Exchangers
B234M-04 Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes for Condensers and Heat Exchangers [Metric]
B236M-07 Standard Specification for Aluminum Bars for Electrical Purposes (Bus Bars) [Metric]
B236-07 Standard Specification for Aluminum Bars for Electrical Purposes (Bus Bars)
B241/B241M-02 Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Seamless Pipe and Seamless Extruded Tube
B253-87(2005)e1 Standard Guide for Preparation of Aluminum Alloys for Electroplating
B316/B316M-02 Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Rivet and Cold-Heading Wire and Rods
B317/B317M-07 Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Extruded Bar, Rod, Tube, Pipe, Structural Profiles, and Profiles for Electrical Purposes (Bus Conductor)
B324-01(2007) Standard Specification for Aluminum Rectangular and Square Wire for Electrical Purposes
B345/B345M-02 Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Seamless Pipe and Seamless Extruded Tube for Gas and Oil Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems
B373-00(2006) Standard Specification for Aluminum Foil for Capacitors
B398/B398M-02(2007) Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy 6201-T81 Wire for Electrical Purposes
B399/B399M-04 Standard Specification for Concentric-Lay-Stranded Aluminum-Alloy 6201-T81 Conductors
B400-08 Standard Specification for Compact Round Concentric-Lay-Stranded Aluminum 1350 Conductors
B401-04 Standard Specification for Compact Round Concentric-Lay-Stranded Aluminum Conductors, Steel-Reinforced (ACSR/COMP)
B415-98(2007) Standard Specification for Hard-Drawn Aluminum-Clad Steel Wire
B429/B429M-06 Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Extruded Structural Pipe and Tube
B479-06 Standard Specification for Annealed Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Foil for Flexible Barrier, Food Contact, and Other Applications
B483/B483M-03 Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Tube and Pipe for General Purpose Applications
B491/B491M-06 Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Extruded Round Tubes for General-Purpose Applications
B493/B493M-08 Standard Specification for Zirconium and Zirconium Alloy Forgings
B502-02(2007) Standard Specification for Aluminum-Clad Steel Core Wire for Aluminum Conductors, Aluminum-Clad Steel Reinforced
B524/B524M-99(2005) Standard Specification for Concentric-Lay-Stranded Aluminum Conductors, Aluminum-Alloy Reinforced (ACAR, 1350/6201)
B547/B547M-02 Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Formed and Arc-Welded Round Tube
B548-03 Standard Test Method for Ultrasonic Inspection of Aluminum-Alloy Plate for Pressure Vessels
B549-04 Standard Specification for Concentric-Lay-Stranded Aluminum Conductors, Aluminum-Clad Steel Reinforced (ACSR/AW)
B557-06 Standard Test Methods for Tension Testing Wrought and Cast Aluminum- and Magnesium-Alloy Products
B557M-07e1 Standard Test Methods for Tension Testing Wrought and Cast Aluminum- and Magnesium-Alloy Products [Metric]
B565-04 Standard Test Method for Shear Testing of Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Rivets and Cold-Heading Wire and Rods
B566-04a Standard Specification for Copper-Clad Aluminum Wire
B567-98(2003) Standard Test Method for Measurement of Coating Thickness by the Beta Backscatter Method
B594-06 Standard Practice for Ultrasonic Inspection of Aluminum-Alloy Wrought Products for Aerospace Applications
B595-95(2006) Standard Specification for Sintered Aluminum Structural Parts
B609/B609M-99(2004) Standard Specification for Aluminum 1350 Round Wire, Annealed and Intermediate Tempers, for Electrical Purposes
B618/B618M-08 Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Investment Castings
B632/B632M-08 Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Rolled Tread Plate
B645-07 Standard Practice for Linear-Elastic Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness Testing of Aluminum Alloys
B646-06a Standard Practice for Fracture Toughness Testing of Aluminum Alloys
B647-84(2006) Standard Test Method for Indentation Hardness of Aluminum Alloys by Means of a Webster Hardness Gage
B648-78(2006) Standard Test Method for Indentation Hardness of Aluminum Alloys by Means of a Barcol Impressor
B668-05 Standard Specification for UNS N08028 Seamless Pipe and Tube
B673-05e1 Standard Specification for UNS N08925, UNS N08354, and UNS N08926 Welded Pipe
B674-05 Standard Specification for UNS N08925, UNS N08354, and UNS N08926 Welded Tube
B675-02(2007) Standard Specification for UNS N08367 Welded Pipe
B676-03(2009) Standard Specification for UNS N08367 Welded Tube
B686/B686M-08 Standard Specification for Aluminum Alloy Castings, High-Strength
B711-05 Standard Specification for Concentric-Lay-Stranded Aluminum-Alloy Conductors, Steel Reinforced (AACSR) (6201)
B736-00(2006) Standard Specification for Aluminum, Aluminum Alloy and Aluminum-Clad Steel Cable Shielding Stock
B744/B744M-05 Standard Specification for Aluminum Alloy Sheet for Corrugated Aluminum Pipe
B745/B745M-97(2005) Standard Specification for Corrugated Aluminum Pipe for Sewers and Drains
B746/B746M-02(2007) Standard Specification for Corrugated Aluminum Alloy Structural Plate for Field-Bolted Pipe, Pipe-Arches, and Arches
AS1865 Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum AlloyS,Drawn Wire, Rod, Bar and Strip
AS3198 Aluminum Foil For General Purposes